How To Say The Months And Days Of The Week In Japanese
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Do you know what month it is right now? Do you also happen to know what day it is today?
Whatever month and day it is today, happy birthday! Even if today isn’t your birthday, it is still important to know how to tell the month and day of the week, because there’s always something special going on each month in Japan. If you think about it, January is associated with the Japanese New Year and the Coming of Age Ceremony. Then, March is associated with Hinamatsuri or Doll’s Festival. There’s also July which is associated with the Obon Festival and the Tanabata. October is known as the month of the Sports Festival. The list goes on and on, but you get the idea.
The way the days of the week are written in Japanese is not as scary as Sadako. So you can relax and take a few deep breaths. The days of the week vocabulary are all named after the elements of nature and they end in the word -youbi, pronounced as yoh-bee.
How To Write The Months
In order to write the months in Japanese, you must first write the number (1–12) corresponding to the month, and then the word -gatsu 月.
- January would be １月 ichi-gatsu
- October would be 10 月 jû-gatsu
- December would be 12 月 jûni-gatsu
|January||一月 ( 1月 )||いちがつ（1 がつ）||ichi-gatsu|
|February||二月 ( 2月 )||にがつ（２がつ）||ni-gatsu|
|March||三月 ( 3月 )||さんがつ（３がつ）||san-gatsu|
|April||四月 ( 4月 )||しがつ（４がつ）||shi-gatsu|
|May||五月 ( 5月 )||ごがつ（５がつ）||go-gatsu|
|June||六月 ( 6月 )||ろくがつ（6 がつ）||roku-gatsu|
|July||七月 ( 7月 )||しちがつ（7 がつ）||shi-chi-gatsu|
|August||八月 ( 8月 )||はちがつ（8 がつ）||hachi-gatsu|
|September||九月 ( 9月 )||くがつ（9 がつ）||ku-gatsu|
|October||十月 ( 10月 )||じゅうがつ（10 がつ）||uu-gatsu|
|November||十一月 ( 11月 )||じゅういちがつ（11 がつ）||juuichi-gatsu|
|December||十二月 ( 12月 )||じゅうにがつ（12 がつ）||juuni-gatsu|
How To Write The Days of the Week
In Japan, Saturdays are recognized as work days. The first day of the week always begins on a Sunday and it ends with the word -youbi 曜日.
- Sunday would be 日曜日 (Kanji) and にちようび (Hiragana), aka nichiyoubi
- Wednesday would be 水曜日 (Kanji) and すいようび (Hiragana), aka suiyoubi
- Thursday would be 木曜日 (Kanji) and もくようび (Hiragana), aka mokuyoubi
Writing tip: The first kanji that refers to the day is more commonly written for the days of the week than the complete word.
- 日曜日 (Sunday) can be written as 日
- 月曜日 (Monday) can be written as 月
Days Of The Week
|Sunday||日曜日||にちようび||nichiyoubi||日 (sun day)|
|Monday||月曜日||げつようび||getsuyoubi||月 (moon day)|
|Tuesday||火曜日||かようび||kayoubi||火 (fire day)|
|Wednesday||水曜日||すいようび||suiyoubi||水 (water day)|
|Thursday||木曜日||もくようび||mokuyoubi||木 (wood day)|
|Friday||金曜日||きんようび||kinyoubi||金 (gold day)|
|Saturday||土曜日||どようび||doyoubi||土 (earth day)|