“Saluton” and Other Useful Esperanto Phrases

15 December 2022
By Sarah Angela Almaden
Japanese House

Unsplash: Stefan

Another day. Another moment to learn something new. And what should you learn this time? Oh, you know just some basic Esperanto phrases

For those of you who have never heard of Esperanto, here’s a quick 411 this not so obscure language: Esperanto is the most widely used constructed auxiliary language worldwide, spoken by over 2 million people in 120 countries. Unlike other languages, Esperanto has no native speakers as this somewhat quirky language has no place to call its own. Regardless of that, Esperanto is not your whatever made-up language because this language has left a lasting impact on a number of famous people from writers like Leo Tolstoy and J.R.R. Tolkien to scientists like Sidney S. Culbert and Wilhelm Ostwald.

The name Esperanto might sound like a type of Romance or Germanic or Slavic language, but it actually isn’t. As simple as it is, Esperanto is really just a language made by Dr. Zamenhof to promote world peace. Although, most of its word roots come from Latin, with influences in German, English, Polish, and Russian. So perhaps you can say that some of its phrases have a Romance, Germanic, even Slavic language quality to them.

Every year, Esperanto continues to draw new speakers and learners in all places of the world. And you can even become a member of this growing Esperantist community right now! To kick off your Esperanto language journey, here’s a handy-dandy list of Esperanto phrases ready for memorizing.

    Esperanto Greetings

  • Hello – Saluton
  • Good morning – Bonan matenon
  • Good afternoon – Bonan posttagmezon
  • Good evening – Bonan vesperon
  • Goodnight – Bonan nokton
  • Long time no see – Dum longa tempo mi ne vidis vin
  • Have a nice day – Bonan tagon al vi

      Basic Questions

  • How are you? – Kiel vi sanas?
  • Where are you from? – De kie vi estas?
  • What is your name? – Kio estas via nomo?
  • How much is this? – Kiom kostas?
  • What time is it? – Kioma estas la horo?
  • Are you okay? – Ĉu vi bonstatas?
  • Where is the toilet? – Kie estas la necesejo?
  • What is that? – Kio estas tio?
  • Will you marry me? (to a man) – Ĉu vi edziĝus kun mi?
  • Will you marry me? (to a woman) – Ĉu vi edziniĝus kun mi?

      Essential Phrases

  • Cheers – Je via sano
  • Yes – Jes
  • No – Ne
  • Maybe – Eble
  • I don’t know – Mi ne scias
  • Excuse me – Pardonu
  • Please – Mi petas
  • Thank you – Dankon
  • You’re welcome – Nedankinde
  • Sorry – Mi bedaŭras
  • Okay – Bone

      Ramdom Phrases

  • I miss you – Vi mankas al mi
  • I love you – Mi amas vin
  • Get well soon – Resaniĝon
  • Bless you (when sneezing) – Sanon
  • I don’t understand – Mi ne komprenas
  • I don’t want to talk to you – Mi ne volas parolu kun vi
  • I’m sleepy – Mi dormemas
  • I don’t like you – Mi ne ŝatas vin
  • One beer, please – Unu bieron, mi petas
  • Congratulations – Gratulon
  • Merry Christmas – Feliĉan kristnaskon
  • Happy New Year – Bonan novjaron

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